Sex is sweet, but when sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) come from it, it becomes a bitter experience.
Sexually transmitted diseases often leave an individual with statements of regret.
Most times, it is the individual’s fault since there was an option to wear a condom or abstain.
Well, if you are not always patient enough to have a safe sex, you should read this article to the end.
This impatient behaviour exposes you to sexually transmitted diseases.
In this article we highlighted STDs that are curable.
Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, trichomoniasis, and syphilis are 4 diseases that could come from unprotected sex.
According to the World Health Organization’s global estimates, each day there are more than one million new cases of these sexually transmitted infections.
Interestingly, these 4 infections are curable.
Symptoms Of Curable Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sometimes, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or STDs, often have no symptoms.
If symptoms occur at all, as regards the 4 mentioned above, they may include vaginal discharge, urethral discharge in men, genital ulcers, painful urination, and abdominal pain.
If left untreated, there can be serious consequences including blindness and other neurologic manifestations.
It could result in infertility, mother-to-child transmission or birth defects.
These diseases spread predominantly by sexual contact, including vaginal, anal and oral sex.
One of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in women is chlamydia. Most affected are young women.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2016, among men and women aged 15–49 years old, there were 127 million cases of chlamydia.
A common symptom of this disease is painful urination. However, most often there are no symptoms.
Chlamydia can affect the genital tract, the urinary tract and the eyes
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Sadly, without treatment, this disease can lead to blindness, infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease and ectopic pregnancy.
Chlamydia can also put the health of infants born to infected mothers at high risk.
Although, chlamydia is curable, repeat infection is common.
Treatment is with antibiotics.
Trichomoniasis (or “trich”) is the most common of the curable STDs.
The organism Trichomonas vaginalis is a parasite which lives in the lower genital tract.
Also, sexual intercourse is the most common means of transmission.
This one is tricky because using a condom do not really protect you.
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According to reports, parasite can infect areas not covered by a condom.
It can affect both men and women and symptoms vary.
Infected persons do not know and can pass on the infection to others.
A healthcare provider must perform a laboratory test to diagnose trich.
According to WHO, trichomoniasis can increase the risk of getting or spreading other sexually transmitted infections like HIV.
Also, pregnant women with the disease are likely to have premature babies with low birth weight.
In 2016 alone, among men and women aged 15–49 years, 156 million cases were reported.
The disease spreads through vaginal, anal and oral sex.
Basically, a sore (called chancres) on the genitals is a a visible symptom of syphilis.
If left untreated, Syphilis can lead to serious and permanent problems like brain damage, blindness and paralysis.
Many people with syphilis have no symptoms. As such, they do not know they have this disease.
Syphilis has three stages:
- The sores
- A rash and
- Swollen lymph nodes
In the third stage the brain, heart and other organs can be affected.
In 2016, estimated cases of syphilis were put at 6.3 million.
Syphilis spreads through contact with the sores, predominately through vaginal, oral, and anal sex.
Sadly, mothers can pass syphilis to their baby in pregnancy and childbirth.
It can also cause stillbirth.
According to WHO, it is the second leading cause of stillbirth globally.
If you engage in unprotected sex, you should get tested to be sure.
A simple treatment of penicillin can help when it is detected early.
This is one common one those days. Sadly, because it is common, it is gradually becoming untreatable.
A bacteria cause gonorrhoea.
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Before now, it is treated with two drugs but resistance is already developing to one of the drugs.
WHO fears that soon, there may not be treatment options remaining for multi-drug resistant gonorrhoea infections.
Untreated gonorrhoea could cause inflammation of the womb and infertility.
Sadly, a pregnant woman can pass this infection to her baby.”
Also, infection in pregnant women can lead to early labour and delivery or permanent blindness in a newborn baby.
According to WHO, there were 87 million new cases gonorrhoea amount men and women aged 15-49 years in 2016.
How To Stay Safe
The interesting thing about life is that staying safe from this diseases is possible.
Who recommends that you do the under listed to stay safe.
- Have safe sex
- Use condoms and use them correctly. When used correctly, they offer the most effective protection against sexually transmitted diseases
- Access reliable sexual health education
- Seek timely testing and treatment if you are at risk; Remember, most STIs have no symptomsLimit casual sex and use condoms with a new partner.
- Get tested for STIs between partners and after unprotected sex If you feel you may be at risk of having been infected or reinfected
- Talk about the potential risk of acquiring STIs with your partner
- Make informed choices about the level of risk you are comfortable taking with your sex life.
- If you are pregnant and are at risk for STIs, it is important to get tested and treated before your baby is born.
- Reinfection is common even after successful treatment. Get your partner treated to prevent reinfection.
An uncontrolled desire for a few minutes pleasure exposes you to these STDs.
Kindly share with your friends and loved one to enable them know about these STDs.